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Thread: Exidy Sorcerer II Questions

  1. Default

    In case you haven't read about it upthread lately, this tape sim runs at 20833 baud. That's over 1.8 KB/sec, as fast as some floppy drives from the day.

  2. #142


    Since my Sorcerer I has no case I hung it above the monitor on the desk's backboard. It looked dark and dingy so I added lights. Five green LEDs behind the board and white, red, and blue above it. They are driven by a data bus buffer chip so they flicker as programs execute. Those clip leads run to the Teensy 3 tapesim.
    Looks like a vintage sci-fi movie scene

    About your tape sim, I'm a little lost, did you say that runs at nearly 21Kbps (indeed, it's in pair with some drives); but how the Sorcerer can match this speed over the serial port?, are you using compression techniques to squeeze the data sent (and thus reaching higher transmission rates)?

    Anyway, looking forward your progress, it's really interesting.

  3. Default

    No compression. The Sorcerer's serial chip is capable of up to 30 kbaud if you disconnect its clock inputs from the 300/1200 baud circuit of the cassette interface. The Teensy generates the faster clock signal required. It's lucky that the loader code in the monitor ROM can keep up at 20833 baud.

    The tape sim loads a small terminal / loader program, TRMLD, which accepts characters from the Teensy and puts them on the screen. So the Teensy does the work of building the file menu while TRMLD just displays it and waits for a keypress to send back. Then Teensy sends the selected file and TRMLD loads and executes it.
    Last edited by ClausB; November 22nd, 2018 at 05:27 AM.

  4. #144


    Nice solution, I suppose TRMLD works as the loader code capable to keep th 21K rate, it must be optimized to the max , does your Sorcerer work at 2Mhz?, I can't remember if your machine was the one with the doubled clock (about 3,5Mhz).

    Also, how do you disconnect the clock inputs?, looks like you need to cut some traces or remove some circuit components...

  5. Default

    The original Sorcerer has the cassette interface on a daughtercard. If you remove that, the serial clocks and I/O signals are available on the large pins. No cutting required.

    Mine has the original 2 MHz Z80 clock.

    It's lucky that the monitor ROM's loader does keep up at 20833 baud, so TRMLD simply jumps to it at the end. The ROM's input and display routines, however, work only at 1200 baud because the GETIY subroutine has a delay loop. So I had to code the terminal portion of TRMLD to run at the higher speed.

  6. #146


    Oops, I missed the "the monitor ROM's loader", good to know

    So, to summarize, the full setup needs the cassette interface pcb to be removed, replacemement of the monitor's ROM with a new one with some patched routines (input & display), a Teensy board (wired to the right Sorcerer pins now freed) and some resident software (TRMLD), am I right?

  7. Default

    Yes, remove the cassette PCB.

    No, monitor ROMs are not replaced. TRMLD contains the revised input and display routines.

    Yes, wire in the Teensy board. The Teensy code contains TRMLD and transmits it repeatedly. When the user types LOG, TRMLD runs and signals Teensy to send the menu, etc.

  8. #148


    Neat!, seems really easy to build.

    I've been looking for info about the Teensy boards and, wow, if you move to a Teensy 3.5 you'll have 120Mhz, not bad! . It would have enough raw power to get compression routines in a breeze.

  9. Default

    Yes, it's way over powered for this job. Compared to the Sorcerer it has nearly 300 times the speed and 10 times the memory. As a serial server, it's like the tail wagging the dog. But it's cheap and easy to program, it has an SD connector, and it can handle the old 5V signals.

  10. Default

    I have a collection of .BIN files from somewhere upthread and have decoded their header format. I tried and failed to find it on line - closest I got was it's some kind of MESS file. Here's what I found:

    Lo - byte count remaining
    00 - any number of 0 bytes
    Xx - any number of ASCII characters
    Lo - execute address
    Lo - load start address
    Lo - load end address
    Xx - data bytes

    Anyone familiar with that format? Is it correct?

    Anyway I can convert that to the Sorcerer tape format and then the files should load and run.


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